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  Glycemic Assessment: A1C to Average Glucose Conversions

Input Any One of the Following:
A1C (DCCT)    percent
A1C (IFCC, SI units)    mmol/mol
Estimated average glucose    mg/dL
Estimated average glucose (SI units)    mmol/L



  1. Nathan DM, Kuenen J, Borg R, et al., A1c-Derived Average Glucose Study Group. Translating the A1C assay into estimated average glucose values. A1c-Derived Average Glucose Study Group. Diabetes Care. 2008 Aug;31(8):1473-8. Epub 2008 Jun 7. Erratum in: Diabetes Care. 2009 Jan;32(1):207. PubMed ID: 18540046 PubMed Logo
  2. Trevino G. Consensus statement on the Worldwide Standardization of the Hemoglobin A1C Measurement: the American Diabetes Association, European Association for the Study of Diabetes, International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, and the International Diabetes Federation: response to the Consensus Committee. Diabetes Care. 2007 Dec;30(12):e141. PubMed ID: 18042750 PubMed Logo
  3. Hoelzel W, Weykamp C, Jeppsson JO, et al., IFCC Working Group on HbA1c Standardization. IFCC reference system for measurement of hemoglobin A1c in human blood and the national standardization schemes in the United States, Japan, and Sweden: a method-comparison study. Clin Chem. 2004 Jan;50(1):166-74. PubMed ID: 14709644 PubMed Logo
  4. Little RR, Sacks DB. HbA1c: how do we measure it and what does it mean? Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2009 Apr;16(2):113-8. Review. PubMed ID: 19300091 PubMed Logo

Associated Medical Subject Headings [MeSH]
         Adult,   Aged,   Ambulatory,   Blood Chemical Analysis,   Blood Glucose,   Calibration,   Clinical Laboratory Techniques,   Diabetes Mellitus,   Female,   Glucose,   Glycosylated,   Hemoglobin A,   Hemoglobins,   Humans,   International Cooperation,   Laboratories,   Male,   Middle Aged,   Models,   Monitoring,   National Health Programs,   Reference Standards,   Reference Values,   Regression Analysis,   Theoretical,   Type 1,   Type 2

Associated ICD10-CM Codes
   E11.65Type 2 diabetes mellitus with hyperglycemia
   E10.65Type 1 diabetes mellitus with hyperglycemia
   E10.9Type 1 diabetes mellitus without complications
   O24.319Unspecified pre-existing diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, unspecified trimester
   Z13.1Encounter for screening for diabetes mellitus

Associated ICD9-CM Codes
   V77.1Screen-diabetes mellitus
   648.00Diabetes in preg-unspec
   250.01Dmi wo cmp nt st uncntrl
   250.03Dmi wo cmp uncntrld
   250.02Dmii wo cmp uncntrld


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